What Are Affidavits & How To Get Them E-Stamped?- A Detailed Guide


Affidavits are legal documents that serve as sworn declarations made under oath. They are created and used to declare the truth and accuracy of the information included in the document. Affidavit documents play a crucial role in various administrative, legal, and personal contexts by providing a formal means of attesting to events, facts, or conditions.

What is an Affidavit?

An affidavit is a legal document that includes a sworn declaration by an individual, known as the affiant or deponent, attesting to the accuracy and truth of the information provided within. Affidavits carry legal weight and frequently serve as evidence as they are made under oath or affirmation.


However, creating affidavits the conventional way is often time-consuming, inefficient, and susceptible to errors. eStamping modernizes the affidavit drafting process, making it quicker and more convenient. By leveraging digital stamping solutions, businesses and individuals can optimize affidavit drafting and execution workflows, lower administrative costs, and produce accurate, legally valid documents.

Understanding the Role of Affidavits- When & Why Are They Used?

Serving as essential sworn declarations, affidavits are utilized in a variety of situations when factual declarations must be made under oath or affirmation. They are used to affirm the truth and accuracy of specific information, making them essential in various legal, administrative, and personal matters. Affidavits are frequently used in the following situations:


  • Legal Proceedings: In court cases, an affidavit can serve as evidence to provide witness testimony, support claims, and establish facts. 
  • Business Transactions: Affidavits can be used to verify during company mergers, acquisitions, or contract disputes to validate financial facts and other relevant information.
  • Real-Estate Transactions: Affidavits are necessary to be submitted during real estate transactions like property purchase, sale, and transfer to confirm the ownership of the property, title information, or any outstanding liabilities. 
  • Financial Transactions: Affidavits are utilized to verify financial information in monetary transactions, including loan applications, debt collection, and to validate the financial details of the applicants. 
  • Personal Declarations: Affidavits are used for a number of personal declarations, including address confirmation and name change declarations.
  • Employment Matters: Affidavit documents can be used in employment-related disputes or background checks to confirm information about an individual.
  • Regulatory Compliance: Businesses can use Affidavits to confirm that they are in compliance with specific industry regulations or safety requirements.
  • Intellectual Property: Affidavits may support patent applications, trademark registrations, or copyright claims by attesting to ownership or originality. 
  • Government Applications: Affidavits are required for a number of official procedures, including acquiring licenses, permits, or certificates.

The validity of affidavits depends on several factors, including jurisdiction, purpose, and specific legal requirements. A general rule is that an affidavit or deposition is valid and enforceable as long as the information contained was true and accurate when it was signed.

However, an affidavit’s credibility could be challenged or questioned if:

  • The affiant deliberately gives inaccurate or misleading information.
  • After the affidavit is signed, the affiant’s circumstances or the affidavit’s subject matter change, making the facts outdated or erroneous.
  • The affidavit fails to follow particular legal standards or formalities imposed by the jurisdiction.

Affidavits in India: A Closer Look at Common Types & Their Purposes

Affidavits come in numerous forms, each with a specific function depending on the purpose for which it is used. Some common types of affidavits include:

  • General Affidavits: These are broad and flexible affidavit forms that can be used in various circumstances to make a sworn statement of facts. 
  • Notarized Affidavits: These affidavits require notarization by a notary public to be legally valid and enforceable.
  • Affidavits of Support: This affidavit establishes financial responsibility for someone, such as a family member or spouse, who is applying for sponsorship for immigration or a visa.
  • Affidavits of Heirship: When there is no will, this type of affidavit is employed to determine a deceased person’s heirs.
  • Affidavit of Consent: This affidavit form is used to express written approval or consent for particular decisions or activities.
  • Affidavits of Personal Matters: These affidavits deal with personal issues such as name changes, identity verification, addresses, marital status, and lost documents.
  • Legal Proceedings Affidavits: Affidavits can be used as statements or evidence in court cases or other legal actions.
  • Immigration Affidavits: These affidavits support immigration-related matters such as visa applications, sponsorships, and family connections.
  • Real Estate Affidavits: Affidavits utilized in real estate transactions, such as property sales, transfers, title checks, or encumbrance declarations, are known as real estate affidavits.
  • Employment Affidavits: These include affidavits addressing employment-related issues, including job experience, job responsibilities, or employment verification.

How to Obtain an Affidavit? 

To get an affidavit in India, one has to follow these procedures:

  • Identify the Purpose: Different circumstances require different types of affidavits, and therefore, the first step is to determine the specific purpose of the deposition.  
  • Choose the Format: Depending on the needs of the particular situation and local legislation, choose whether the affidavit should be printed on plain paper or stamp paper.
  • Prepare the Content: Create the affidavit’s text, including all relevant information and declarations that must be sworn under oath. Make sure the information is correct and complete. One may need to consult a legal expert to ensure the affidavit adheres to all applicable regulations. 
  • Notarization (if necessary): A notary public may be required to notarize certain affidavits for them to be legally valid, such as those used in court or legal proceedings.
  • Prepare Multiple Copies: The deponent/affiant may be required to make several copies of the affidavit for record-keeping and submission to concerned parties or authorities. 
  • Sign the Affidavit: In the presence of a notary public or designated authority, the affiant must swear or affirm that the affidavit’s contents are true and accurate to the best of his knowledge.
  • Witness Signatures (if required): If witnesses are necessary for the affidavit, they have to sign the document in the presence of the notary or designated authority.

Commonly Used Affidavits in India

Affidavits play a crucial role in India’s legal landscape, serving as sworn statements that carry significant legal weight. These documents are employed in various contexts, from personal matters to official procedures. Some of the commonly used affidavits in India include:

  • Affidavit of a Lost Document: This affidavit is used to report the loss of significant documents, including passports, certificates, identification cards, academic certificates, and documents pertaining to real estate. The affidavit describes the lost document in detail, explains how it was lost, and states that it was lost and not intentionally destroyed or given to another person.
  • Name Change Affidavit: This affidavit, used whenever someone officially changes their name, provides a sworn statement of the name change. When a person formally changes their name, whether it’s after marriage, a divorce, or for other personal reasons, they must utilize this affidavit. It attests that the name change was undertaken in good faith and without ill intent by listing the previous name, the new name, and the reason for the change. This affidavit is frequently used to change the name on official documents and records.
  • Identity Theft Affidavit: When a person’s identity has been stolen or used fraudulently, this affidavit is employed. It documents the details of the identity theft, any monetary or personal losses incurred, and any known facts regarding the perpetrator. This affidavit is frequently used to notify law enforcement and financial institutions of identity theft so that the theft’s effects can be rectified.
  • Affidavit of Debt: An affidavit of debt is a legal document that attests to the existence and the amount of debt that one party owes to another. It contains details about the debt, such as the due date, the total amount owed, the terms of repayment, and any supporting records. This affidavit may be used during legal or debt collection processes.
  • Affidavit of Power of Attorney: When granting someone the authority to act on behalf of another person in legal, financial, or business affairs, an affidavit of power of attorney is used. This affidavit attests to the appointment of the power of attorney, the scope of their authority, and the grantor’s intention to confer legal authority on them.
  • Affidavit for No Criminal Offense: An affidavit for no criminal offense is a declaration stating a person has not engaged in any unlawful activity and has not previously been convicted of any crime. It could be necessary for employment, visa applications, or other circumstances when a criminal record is required.
  • Affidavit of Marriage:In circumstances like immigration cases and other legal settings, an affidavit of marriage is a legal document that serves as proof of a legitimate marriage. This affidavit includes the names of the spouses, the wedding’s date and place, and a declaration confirming that the marriage was voluntarily entered into and is valid. It is essential for visa applications where spousal relationships need to be validated.
  • Affidavit of Proof of Income: It is used to demonstrate or verify someone’s income and is typically used during loan applications, lease agreements, immigration procedures, or judicial proceedings. The affidavit confirms the affiant’s financial situation and guarantees the accuracy and authenticity of the facts provided concerning income. 
  • Affidavit of Residence: One’s present residential address is declared in this kind of affidavit document. This affidavit is required in administrative and legal actions where proof of residency is required and is typically used for updating official records, requesting government services, or confirming residence in particular locations. 
  • Affidavit of Identity:When a person is unable to present other forms of identification, this affidavit is used to verify their identity. This scenario could occur under various conditions, such as when a person misplaces their formal identification documents, experiences theft, or is applying for new identification cards. The affidavit contains personal details, including the full legal name, date of birth, address, and any other information that can be used to confirm their identity.

Drafting an Affidavit- A Step-by-Step Guide

Creating an affidavit involves a systematic process that ensures the document’s legal validity and accuracy. An affidavit includes several essential steps during the drafting process. Here’s an outline of the procedure:

  • Title and Identification: The affiant has to start by providing the affidavit with a descriptive title that explains what it is about. This includes the affiant’s entire legal name, address, and any other details that could be used to identify them.
  • Sworn Declaration: Next, it has to be clearly stated that the information in the affidavit is truthful and true to the best of the affiant’s knowledge. The affiant has to certify that the affidavit was written voluntarily and without any type of coercion.
  • Facts and Details: The affiant must present the facts and details related to the affidavit’s purpose clearly and concisely. The affiant must provide dates, events, and supporting documentation to back up the claims whenever possible.
  • Notarization (if required): Depending on the jurisdiction and the purpose of the affidavit, notarization by a notary public may be essential to add credibility and legal authenticity.
  • Signature and Witness: In accordance with the law, the affiant must sign the affidavit in the presence of a notary public or any other designated authority. Any witnesses that are needed must sign the document as well.

How to Pay Stamp Duty For an Affidavit?

Stamp duty is a tax levied by the government on certain documents, including affidavits, to give them legal recognition. Paying stamp duty for an affidavit is essential to ensure its legal validity and enforceability. By following these steps, one can pay stamp duty and ensure the creation of a legally valid affidavit.

  • Determine Applicable Stamp Duty: Check the stamp duty rates for affidavits in the state or jurisdiction the affidavit is being created in. Rates can vary based on the affidavit’s purpose and the value of transactions.
  • Obtain Stamp Paper: Pay the prescribed stamp duty and purchase non-judicial stamp paper from licensed retailers or government agencies in the appropriate denomination.
  • Execute Affidavit on Stamp Paper: Compose the affidavit on the stamp paper, making sure to include all necessary details.
  • Affixing Revenue Stamp & Notarization (if required): In some states, adhesive revenue stamps must be affixed to the affidavit as proof of payment.The affiant must complete notarization of the affidavit after affixing paying stamp duty if necessary.

Streamlining Affidavit Stamp Duty Payment- How E-Stamping Adds Convenience 

While paying stamp duty for an affidavit is a legal necessity, it has several drawbacks and challenges. It includes additional costs, physical stamp paper procurement, availability of the stamp paper in the required denomination, administrative burden, speed and geographical constraints, and record-keeping challenges.

By digitizing and streamlining the entire workflow, e-stamping makes the process of creating an affidavit and paying stamp duty easier. The following are some ways that e-stamping can speed up the procedure:

  • Paperless Process: E-stamping eliminates the need for physical stamp papers, reducing paperwork and delays due to logistical challenges or unavailability of stamp papers in the prescribed denominations. 
  • Online Affidavit Creation: Digital stamping software platforms like SignDesk streamline the workflow, from drafting the affidavit to stamp duty payment, allowing users to easily create affidavits online. Pre-defined affidavit templates with customizable fields speed up drafting, ensure accuracy, and eliminate paperwork.
  • Automated Stamp Duty Calculation: E-stamping software calculates the precise stamp duty based on the purpose and value of the affidavit, eliminating the need for manual calculations and lowering the possibility of erroneous computations.
  • Instant Stamp Certificate: When using electronic stamping, the stamp paper is immediately generated and affixed to the affidavit after the stamp duty has been successfully paid online, which ensures immediate validity and reduces waiting time.
  • E-Sign Integration: SignDesk’s e-stamping software comes with electronic signature capabilities. It helps users create tamper-proof affidavits that are electronically signed, confirming their authenticity and integrity.
  • Accessible Anytime, Anywhere: Users can access e-stamping services anytime, from any location, eliminating geographical restrictions. This allows them to create affidavits in a much shorter time. 
  • Enhanced Record-Keeping: E-stamping platforms can store digital records of stamp duty payments and e-stamped documents, making record-keeping, retrieval, and verification easier, especially in businesses where multiple affidavits need to be generated on a daily basis.

Simplify Affidavit Stamp Duty Payment With SignDesk

SignDesk’s electronic stamping solution simplifies the process of creating affidavits by offering a user-friendly platform that streamlines every step. Users can quickly draft accurate and legally compliant affidavits online with pre-defined templates and customizable options.

E-stamping software further enhances the ease of creating affidavits by seamlessly integrating e-signature capabilities, allowing users to electronically sign and authenticate affidavit documents, eliminating the need for physical signatures, and enabling a fully digital and legally binding process.

By leveraging SignDesk’s efficient features, businesses can easily navigate the affidavit creation workflow, making the entire process quicker, more convenient, and efficient. Book a free demo to learn how e-stamping can simplify affidavit generation and execution for your business.

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